Ten Aymara names and meanings

18 Jul, 2011 | Helen Reid

Culture

In the Aymara culture names are very important as they symbolize personality traits; the name is the expression of parents´ ambition for their child. Approximately 70% of Bolivians have Aymara or Quechua roots, the highest percentage of indigenous population of all South American countries. However the indigenous Aymara culture is astonishingly badly known, due in part to the legacy of the devastating colonization by the spaniards. Cultures around the world affirm and maintain their cultural identity by continuing a legacy of names given to daughters and sons, but here in Bolivia it is very rare to meet a person with an Aymara name. Wilmer is one paceño who decided, with his wife, to research and find Aymara names for his children; he shared with me ten better-known aymara names and their meanings.

GIRLS

1. Nina in Aymara means “fire which will never be extinguished”. This name denotes a strong character, positive energy, vivacity, but like all Aymara names, it can also have negative connotations: stubbornness, excess.

2. Nayra = Eye. Nayra has a capacity for clairvoyance, sees things and can analyse and resolve problems with great clarity.

3. Rina Aymara = Aymara path. This unusual name is also quite controversial as it clearly shows the desire of the parents to reconnect with indigenous roots. It also denotes a pragmatic and ambitious personality, a life which will follow a clear path.

4. Sartaña means “to lift oneself up”; this name has deep spiritual significance, linked to the Quechua world vision of three planes: the kay pacha, this world, the janaq pacha (world of above) and the ukhu pacha (world of below). Sartaña has the capacity to communicate with janaq pacha.

5. Kantuta is a sacred flower for the Aymara, and the national flower of Bolivia, also known as “flower of the Incas”. This name is linked with Inca nobility, and denotes beauty and purity. The colours of the specific “Kantuta tricolor” are red and yellow, which along with the green of the leaves reflect the colours of the Bolivian flag; thus the name affirms Bolivian as well as Aymara identity.

BOYS

1. Inti = Sun. The sun is a crucial deity for the Aymara; part of the sacred couple of Sun and Moon who, together with the Pachamama (Mother Earth) created the world. To be called Inti is an honour, and Inti has a responsibility to guide others; he has to work from the earliest hours of the day!

2. Amaru = Snake. The snake is also an important Aymara deity, and the name is quite popular throughout the Andean region, has roots in the Quechua culture. The spiral shape of the snake is iconic of the Andean vision of the world in which the idea of cycles is very important; the symbol represents the cycle of life and death as well as agricultural cycles.

3. Katari means viper. Katari has a different representation than Amaru, and the name has more political significance for the Aymara. Tupac Katari was a great Aymara leader famous for his uprising against the Spaniards in the 18th century. The name thus carries great historical weight and is greatly respected. Katarism is the name given to the model of society in which the Aymara lived in pre-Hispanic times: the ayllu.

4. Tunupa is the name of a volcano in the Salar de Uyuni, the great salt flatlands of the south of Bolivia. Sacred to the Aymara, its bright red colour and towering presence explain the belief that Tunupa was a supreme god and father of Aymara civilization, as well as god of volcanoes and lightning. The cult of Tunupa is thought to date back to pre-Tiwanaku times. Tunupa would be a natural leader with great influence.

Bx8 40 Copy

5. Illapa is the name of the god of climate; thunder, rain and lightning. A boy named Illapa has a powerful relationship with nature; he can have medical powers, the ability to cure physical as well as spiritual ailments. In pre-Hispanic times many sacrifices were made to Illapa in periods of drought, to invoke rain, which Illapa was believed to pour out of a jar from the Milky Way.

It is not so much the meanings of Aymara names which are important, but rather the decision some Bolivian parents are making to relinquish the names of the Catholic calendar in order to better know and make known their indigenous roots. In Wilmer´s case it was not easy for his decision to be accepted by his family. He tells me that in jailón circles it is acceptable to have a name of Aymara origin, and sometimes gringos or expatriates will give their children Aymara names for the sake of eccentricity (often not understanding their significance), but in the majoritarily indigenous lower social classes it is shocking to give children Aymara names. Wilmer talks of a sense of shame attached to them and at school his daughters would receive strange looks from teachers. According to him “education is the problem”; since colonial times Bolivians have been pushed to “get rid of the Indian part of [their] identity”. Are things changing today? There is hope that Morales´ government will develop a fairer education system, in which proper attention is given to Aymara history and culture. A process of reaffirmation of Aymara identity has started, Wilmer tells me, and continuing the legacy of Aymara names is the first step to recovering a cultural identity as descendants of the great Aymara people.

Comments

pharmacy without dr prescriptions
07 Aug, 2018 | 16:33
<a href="http://canadianonlinexyz.com/">top rated online canadian pharmacies</a> http://canadianonlinexyz.com/ [url=http://canadianonlinexyz.com/]online pharmacy canada[/url]
canadian pharmacies that ship to us
12 Jun, 2018 | 17:34
<a href="http://canadianonlinexyz.com/">canadian pharmacies shipping to usa</a> http://canadianonlinexyz.com/ [url=http://canadianonlinexyz.com/]no 1 canadian pharcharmy online[/url]
approved canadian online pharmacies
12 Jun, 2018 | 05:47
<a href="http://canadianonlinexyz.com/">online pharmacy with no prescription</a> http://canadianonlinexyz.com/ [url=http://canadianonlinexyz.com/]best online pharmacies canada[/url]
best online pharmacies canada
23 May, 2018 | 07:04
<a href="http://canadianonlinepharmacyhd.com/">canadian pharmacies</a> http://canadianonlinepharmacyhd.com/ [url=http://canadianonlinepharmacyhd.com/]canadian pharcharmy online[/url]
Anthonyhed
18 May, 2018 | 21:58
<a href="http://canadianonlinepharmacyhd.com/">canadian pharmary without prescription</a> http://canadianonlinepharmacyhd.com/ [url=http://canadianonlinepharmacyhd.com/]best 10 online pharmacies[/url]
kamagra 100 mg oral jelly
29 Mar, 2018 | 12:19
kamagra 100mg oral jelly suppliers [url=http://kamagradxt.com/]kamagra 100mg oral jelly use[/url] womens kamagra 100mg tablets <a href="http://kamagradxt.com/">kamagra forum gdzie kupic</a> kamagra oral jelly for sale in usa http://kamagradxt.com/ erfahrungsbericht kamagra shop deutschland
kamagra oral jelly wirkung bei frauen
28 Mar, 2018 | 17:33
kamagra store info erfahrungen [url=http://kamagradxt.com/]kamagra 100 mg[/url] kamagra 100mg oral jelly india <a href="http://kamagradxt.com/">buy kamagra 100 mg oral jelly</a> india kamagra 100mg chewable tablets http://kamagradxt.com/ kamagra 100mg oral jelly suppliers indianapolis in
Amaljlycle
21 Mar, 2018 | 16:14
http://dkjshye7s632.com Spot on with this write-up, I actually assume this website wants rather more consideration. I’ll most likely be again to learn far more, thanks for that info.
icpqtnvsoupe
21 Mar, 2018 | 13:02
[url=https://bitcoinstock.us.com]buy bitcoin[/url] <a href=" https://bitcoinstock.us.com ">invest in bitcoin stock</a> <a href="https://bitcoinstock.us.com">buy bitcoin</a>
Shaun
29 Jan, 2018 | 06:50
casino online casino games real money casino online casino online slots
Russell
21 Jan, 2018 | 12:38
absolutely free slots for fun real money online best us casinos online absolutely free slots for fun pogo casino slots
NastyaFreew
06 Nov, 2017 | 14:13
viagra con alcoho [url=http://viagrapaol.com/]viagra cheap[/url] <a href="http://viagrapaol.com/">viagra cheap</a> cost of one viagra
Felipestive
22 Sep, 2017 | 03:48
king pharmacy <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/">canadian pharmacy</a> best online pharmacy stores [url=http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?viagra-coupons]viagra coupons[/url] canada pharmacy online reviews <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?cialis-without-a-doctor-s-prescription">cialis without a doctor's prescription</a>
Felipestive
21 Sep, 2017 | 19:24
canada pharmacies without script <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/">canadian drugs</a> no prescription pharmacy [url=http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?viagra-uk]viagra uk[/url] walmart pharmacy price check <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?zoloft-generic-name">zoloft generic name</a>
Felipestive
21 Sep, 2017 | 13:43
pharmacy canada <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/">canadian online pharmacies</a> canadian online pharmacy [url=http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?20-mg-cialis]20 mg cialis[/url] canada pharmacies online prescriptions <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?metoprolol-tartrate">metoprolol tartrate</a>
Felipestive
21 Sep, 2017 | 05:30
online pharmacy without a prescription <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/">canadian online pharmacies</a> top rated canadian pharmacies online [url=http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?side-effects-of-metformin]side effects of metformin[/url] canadian pharmacy viagra brand <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?is-there-a-generic-for-viagra">is there a generic for viagra</a>
MatthewKnove
20 Sep, 2017 | 07:06
drug price <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/">canadian pharmacy</a> drug prices comparison [url=http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?duloxetine]duloxetine[/url] pharmacy drug store <a href="http://canadianpharmacyrxbsl.com/?clomid-dosage-for-men-with-low-testosterone">clomid dosage for men with low testosterone</a>
nroepqAlend
14 Sep, 2017 | 03:28
how do payday loans work <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans with no bank account</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loans[/url] payday loans bad credit
nroepqAlend
14 Sep, 2017 | 03:28
how do payday loans work <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans with no bank account</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loans[/url] payday loans bad credit
nroepqAlend
14 Sep, 2017 | 03:28
how do payday loans work <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans with no bank account</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loans[/url] payday loans bad credit
nroepqAlend
14 Sep, 2017 | 03:28
how do payday loans work <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans with no bank account</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loans[/url] payday loans bad credit
nmjuokerarm
14 Sep, 2017 | 02:08
payday loans in pa <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]instant payday loans[/url] payday loans online direct lenders
nmjuokerarm
14 Sep, 2017 | 02:08
payday loans in pa <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]instant payday loans[/url] payday loans online direct lenders
nmjuokerarm
14 Sep, 2017 | 02:08
payday loans in pa <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]instant payday loans[/url] payday loans online direct lenders
nsbmryAlend
08 Sep, 2017 | 23:31
payday advance loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> online payday loan</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loan</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loan[/url] payday loan near me
nsbmryAlend
08 Sep, 2017 | 23:31
payday advance loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> online payday loan</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loan</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loan[/url] payday loan near me
nsbmryAlend
08 Sep, 2017 | 23:31
payday advance loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> online payday loan</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loan</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loan[/url] payday loan near me
nsbmryAlend
08 Sep, 2017 | 23:31
payday advance loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> online payday loan</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loan</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]online payday loan[/url] payday loan near me
nvtzfoerarm
08 Sep, 2017 | 22:52
usa payday loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans mn</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]payday loans direct lenders only[/url] how do payday loans work
nvtzfoerarm
08 Sep, 2017 | 22:52
usa payday loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans mn</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]payday loans direct lenders only[/url] how do payday loans work
nvtzfoerarm
08 Sep, 2017 | 22:52
usa payday loans <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans</a> <a href="http://paydayloans2017.com"> payday loans mn</a> [url=http://paydayloans2017.com]payday loans direct lenders only[/url] how do payday loans work
nmnlrdAlend
27 Aug, 2017 | 19:52
payday loan interest rates <a href="http://cashadvances2017.com"> online payday loans no credit check</a> <a href="http://cashadvances2017.com"> payday loans near me</a> [url=http://cashadvances2017.com]payday loan online[/url] payday loan near me
noeehferarm
27 Aug, 2017 | 15:07
payday loan interest rates <a href="http://cashadvances2017.com"> instant payday loans</a> <a href="http://cashadvances2017.com"> online payday loans no credit check</a> [url=http://cashadvances2017.com]payday loan online[/url] ace payday loan
lala
01 Mar, 2012 | 18:05
thank you!

Make a comment

Captcha image