25 Nov, 2014 | Rodrigo Barrenechea

Culture and Social issues

“Too many bottles of this wine we can't pronounce
Too many bowls of that green, no lucky charms
The maids come around too much
Parents ain't around enough
Too many joy rides in daddy's jaguar
Too many white lies and white lines
Super rich kids with nothing but loose ends
Super rich kids with nothing but fake friends"
Frank Ocean Feat. Earl Sweatshirt

Description: Cristiano Ronaldo´s latest hair do, V-neck T shirt showing off my pecs, meaningless tattoo, VIP wristband for Forum, the latest iphone: BFF, Selfies, #hashtag, skinny jeans, it's a manbag not a handbag, ipad/notebook/ultrabook/tablet, hipster frames 20/20 vision, hats: at a rave, playful side, turning heads on the dancefloor 

Illustration: Oscar Zalles

I want to talk, without pretending that this an exhaustive study of the issue, about a slang word that many people use to describe a young and wealthy social group, mostly concentrated in the Zona Sur of La Paz, that is considered “elite”: los Jailones.

Jailón comes from the English phrases “High life” (Jaila) or “High Society.” Amongst young people in La Paz the term can be derogatory because jailones are often seen as having done nothing to earn the items they flaunt, be they cars, clothes, or mobile phones, which are gifts from their well-to-do families.

On the other hand, there are a lot of youths who want to be considered jailones because of the privilege of wealth, power and socioeconomic influence the word and lifestyle implies.

Of course you won’t only find jailones, or people who aspire to be jailones, in La Paz. The word is used in countries such as Colombia, Chile and other parts of Bolivia, and the concept certainly has its equal in many places around the world.

In La Paz, a stereotypical jailon is always in fashion, trendy or chic; this means dressing in clothes by designers like Ricky Sarkany, Kosiuko, and Zara or following hipster trends with a casual three-day-old beard for guys and messed up hair for girls. It means having the newest gadgets on the technology market; like the latest iPhone, or the ability to dine at expensive restaurants like la Suisse or Jardín de Asia for even small occasions, like a one-month anniversary with your girlfriend. The lifestyle is geared around a feeling of exclusivity, which includes getting into the VIP area of nightclubs such as Forum, and is part of a search for acceptance that is as desperate as it is genuine.

My real interest in this topic lies in the fact that the most important part of jailón culture involves a certain adoption of the values and even the traditions of countries such as the United States and Europe in general (which for the record, is something even I find hard to escape). For example, jailones may celebrate Halloween more than they follow the Bolivian tradition of Todos Santos, and celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day more than the festivity of Aymara New Year.

Another example is how, over the past few weeks, I´ve seen my Facebook become jampacked with friends doing #theicebucketchallenge without understanding the cause behind it - they are simply drawn to a fad from abroad.

I am not saying that being influenced by other cultures is bad, or that people should be criticised simply for being born into a privileged family. But some aspects of jailón culture make me question how having access to everything that globalisation entails is influencing Bolivian culture in a much broader way.

All this external information, and the need to obtain it in order to be part of a society that is obsessed with accumulating as many goods and services as possible (and where having money is of utmost importance), means young people find themselves inevitably alienated from their original cultural identity. It´s happening more so in this generation than ever before, and it leads me to think that this phenomenon is not exclusive to Bolivia, but forms part of worldwide trend ... don´t you think?


10 Dec, 2014 | 01:44
Nice article, but i think that its more than celebraiting festivities its about showing their high status(most of all an economic status) they do all they can so they could be watched and be the center of something
Sebastian Ewel
10 Dec, 2014 | 03:59
Well, loss of cultural identity is a globalization "price", which i don't find entirely negative, it is actually inevitable. Of course globalization has it's pros and cons (I think the benefits are greater than the losses, because the youth is now, in theory, better prepared and immersed in an ever changing world). However, you seem to point out a negative aspect; in which due to globalization the high class youth take for granted their culture and, at least consumption-wise, are more notoriously "globalized". "Jailones", for the most part, have had a more direct international experience by traveling, literature, music, etc and due to their social environment, I believe, they are more vulnerable to follow popular global trends. For better or for worse, their "international advantage", so to speak, is mostly noticed by their following of popular culture in social networks (Ice Bucket Challenge, slang, "hipster" dress code, etc). Although jailones in Bolivia, and probably throughout Latin America, are more "globalized" and vulnerable to European and American trends, I don't think teens and young adults from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are far behind. These kids may not be able to afford the latest Apple gadgets right away, but they sure as hell try to get the best technological products they can and know quite a bit about gadgets as well. They may not dress in designer clothes and look like Starbucks-going-hipsters, but many have strong influences from artists they listen and follow and subcultures they are into, from brand clothing imitations to LA,NY and Chicago baseball caps and somewhat crazy K-pop hair styles. Finally, as for cultural identity loss and not celebrating Bolivian festivities, most "jailones" weren't brought up with those beliefs and for the most part their parents and grandparents aren't so immerse with syncretism. This does not mean they feel identified with Halloween and even less with St. Patrick's Day, but both of these festivities have became "pop culture parties" celebrated around the world, they were better marketed than "Todos Santos". Kids see these days as days to party and get hammered, not that Bolivian festivities aren't a great excuse to get wasted, take for example Carnaval, which is greatly celebrated by all. Teens who still participate in Bolivian festivities and who are not by any means focused to participate for a touristic attraction, are probably a couple generations away from abandoning this because of globalization. I couldn't agree more that society throughout the world is extremely focused on acquiring goods and is obsessed with economic wealth; may be a downside of globalization and loss of values and priorities

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